Where the Wind Blows: Wreckhouse and the Human Wind Gauge

Locals claim that Wreckhouse is the second windiest place in the world, and they may well be right; the winds have been known to gust in excess of 200km per hour here!


Channel Port-aux-Basques, situated on the southwestern tip of Newfoundland, is the entry point to the province by sea. When you get off the ferry, there’s over 900km of road open to you, but wherever you go from here, you must first traverse Wreckhouse, an area of austere beauty, intriguing history and some of the fiercest continual winds ever known.

Why So Blustery?
It’s the unique geography that makes this area legendary. Wreckhouse is a large expanse of flat, barren land that runs between the Long Range Mountains and the ocean. Southeast winds, pushed by offshore storms, funnel through the mountains, building up pressure as they are squeezed into narrow gulches in the rock. Once released into the valley, the winds quickly gain speed, sometimes exceeding 200km per hour. That’s the equivalent of a category two hurricane!

Travelling through Wreckhouse
Sound frightening? It can be, yet residents from both Channel Port-aux-Basques and the nearby Codroy valley travel this section of the Trans Canada highway each day without mishap, and hundreds of visitors drive through Wreckhouse each year without even knowing of its existence. The south-easterly winds that cause the Wreckhouse effect grow strongest during the winter and spring months, so if you’re visiting in the summer, chances are you won’t get caught in a serious gale. When the winds do blow, driving a larger vehicle, like a motorhome or travel trailer, can be a little tricky; it’s more of an adventure that a true peril, but many people who don’t need the adrenaline prefer to stop over until the winds die down.

The Human Wind Gauge
Like most everything else in Newfoundland, Wreckhouse has a rather interesting history attached to it. In the days when trains still ran here, the Wreckhouse miles were a stressful haul for the engineers. In 1939, tired of having the trains blown off the tracks (it wasn’t good for business), the rail company hired a local trapper to advise them of the wind conditions. Lauchie MacDougall lived at Wreckhouse, and he claimed the uncanny ability to ‘smell’ the wind. Given a telephone and twenty dollars a month salary, Lauchie sent warning of approaching southeasters. Until his death in 1965, Lauchie delayed hundreds of trains and saved as many lives during his employ as a ‘human wind gauge’. Today, high-tech instruments have taken the place of human perception when it comes to predicting a gale, keeping locals and travelers safe from the perils of Wreckhouse.

Startling Scenery
To be sure, the wind isn’t the only awe-inspiring thing about the Wreckhouse area. The scenery is striking in its austerity, and as breathtaking as the wind itself. Craggy mountains—the highest on the island at 1700 feet—rise from the valley floor like giant stone sentinels. From their base, the barrens stretch away to the vast Atlantic, giving the traveller a sense of timelessness, of being isolated and small, yet somehow limitless. The barrens themselves are dotted with tuckamore, trees severely twisted and stunted by the wind’s force. It’s a unique and haunting sight.

Hike It or Bike It
For those who enjoy hiking, the Newfoundland Railway bed has now become the Newfoundland T’Railway, part of the Trans Canada Trail. It’s a nicely groomed hiking path that runs the entire length of the island, beginning in Port-aux-Basques. On foot or by bicycle, the T’Railway is a great way to immerse yourself in the great wide open expanse that is Wreckhouse.

One thing is certain, whether you choose to walk, cycle or drive through Wreckhouse, you will be taken aback; it truly is a fitting introduction to the extraordinary natural wonders of Newfoundland.